Online shopping has transformed the way we shop, offering convenience and a wide array of choices. However, the growth of e-commerce has also given rise to critical issues, particularly concerning intellectual property (IP) protection. A significant legal case, Tibra Collection’s action against e-commerce giant, Meesho, highlights the urgency of addressing these concerns. This case delves into copyright infringement, passing off, and counterfeit sales, shedding light on the need for e-commerce platforms to enhance their measures against such problems. This article provides a comprehensive exploration of the case and the broader challenges within the e-commerce industry.

Background of the Case

Tibra Collection, the plaintiff in this case, is a well-known clothing company that specialises in ethnic wear and sells a wide range of men’s and women’s clothing. Tibra Collection’s in-house design team is responsible for designing one-of-a-kind and original clothes. The brand not only has a physical presence, but it also advertises and sells its items through numerous e-commerce platforms. Among these sites are well-known companies like Amazon, Flipkart, and Meesho. Tibra Collection’s presence extends to social media sites, expanding its reach even more. 

The plaintiff’s main complaint is that both known and unknown vendors on the e-commerce platform Meesho have utilised its pictures and images to sell clothing and ethnic wear that imitate Tibra Collection’s products (see image below). The plaintiff presented evidence of the defendants’ flagrant copying of its products and usage of identical pictures. What complicates matters even more is that, in addition to impersonation, these vendors underprice the products, resulting in financial damages for the plaintiff. The consequences of these infringements can be seen in Tibra Collection’s sales figures, which have dropped significantly as similar-looking products with identical photos have inundated the Meesho platform. The court’s decision in this case raised several important points with broader implications for the e-commerce industry.

1. The Role of E-commerce Platforms– The court emphasized that e-commerce platforms, like Meesho, must not be misused to produce imitation products that infringe on intellectual property rights. It’s essential for these platforms to take proactive steps to prevent, detect, and address counterfeiting and IP violations.

2. Protecting Consumers – Consumer protection was a central concern in this case. The court stressed the importance of e-commerce platforms providing complete and accurate seller information to consumers. This ensures that buyers can make informed choices and have recourse if they unknowingly purchase counterfeit or infringing products.

3. The Ex-Parte Injunction – The court acknowledged the extensive imitation and potential harm posed by counterfeit products to consumers. An ex-parte interim injunction was granted in favor of Tibra Collection to protect both the brand and consumers. This decision acted as a strong warning to counterfeiters and demonstrated the legal system’s commitment to upholding intellectual property rights.

The Invisible Epidemic of IP Violations

Tibra Collection’s case is not an isolated incident; it reveals a much larger issue. The ease with which sellers can mimic and undercut legitimate brands, all while operating under the radar, represents a growing epidemic in the e-commerce industry.

The Deceptive Nature of IP Violations: What makes IP violations on e-commerce platforms particularly insidious is the covert nature of these offenses. Violators are adept at copying copyrighted images, designs, and even product listings with striking accuracy. The result is often a marketplace filled with look-alike products that deceive consumers and undermine the credibility of authentic brands.

Financial and Reputational Damage: As seen in the Tibra Collection case, IP violations can lead to significant financial losses and reputational damage for legitimate brands. Counterfeit products undercut prices, siphoning profits away from the original creators and tarnishing their image in the eyes of consumers.

The Challenge of Seller Identification: One of the most significant hurdles in addressing IP violations on e-commerce platforms is the challenge of identifying and holding violators accountable. Sellers often provide incomplete or inconsistent addresses on invoices and registration information, making it difficult to trace and penalize them.

E-commerce Platforms as Enablers: While e-commerce platforms provide an invaluable space for businesses to reach a global audience, they can inadvertently facilitate IP violations when not equipped with robust monitoring and enforcement mechanisms. This makes it crucial for these platforms to shoulder their responsibility in preventing and addressing these violations.


The case of Tibra Collection vs. Fashnear Technologies Private Limited & ors., underscores the imperative need for e-commerce platforms to step up their efforts in combating counterfeit and infringing products. This case brings to light the deceptive practices that infringing sellers employ, which erode consumer trust and brand reputation. In upholding intellectual property rights, this case sets a precedent that emphasizes the importance of safeguarding original creations in the digital age.

The e-commerce industry must collaborate to address counterfeiting and IP violations. Genuine brands, e-commerce platforms, and legal authorities need to work in tandem to prevent such infringements. In a time of burgeoning online commerce, the collective effort is essential to protect brand integrity and ensure the authenticity and quality of products in the ever-expanding world of e-commerce.

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