In a recent legal victory, Dominos IP Holder LLC and Jubilant Food Works Limited came out on top in a high-stakes legal dispute against Dominick Pizza & Anr.   This case highlights the complex issues that well-established brands encounter when dealing with trademark infringement and passing off. It emphasises the need for proactive measures to protect their intellectual property.


The case of Dominos IP Holder LLC & Anr. v. Dominick Pizza & Anr. revolves around the competitive landscape of the Indian food and beverage sector.   Domino’s Pizza, a renowned global brand, has successfully made its mark in the Indian market. With its iconic logos and trademarks, it has built a strong brand identity that appeals to customers who value quality and dependability. 

On the other hand, Dominick Pizza, a local player in the culinary scene, cleverly chose trademarks that closely resembled the well-known Domino’s brand.   By making minor adjustments to their product names and logos, Dominick Pizza triggered a legal dispute with significant consequences. 

The trademarks, including the enticing “CHEESE BURST” and “PASTA ITALIANO,” coupled with a logo reminiscent of Domino’s, triggered confusion among consumers. Despite the defendant’s attempts to differentiate its products, consumers found themselves associating the perceived inferior quality of Dominick Pizza’s offerings with the globally established Domino’s brand, leading to a potential dilution of brand equity and reputation. Domino’s responded to consumer complaints regarding the quality of their products by initiating legal proceedings against Dominick Pizza. The decision to start legal proceedings was not only aimed at safeguarding trademarks, but also strategically aimed at preventing any damage to consumer trust and brand reputation.

Legal Proceedings

In order to protect its intellectual property and brand integrity, Domino’s took immediate action by seeking legal recourse. As a result, the Delhi High Court granted an ex parte and interim order.This injunction quickly stopped Dominick Pizza from using the disputed trademarks and logos, emphasising the possible damage to Domino’s brand reputation. The defendants, seemingly aware of the compelling evidence against them, opted not to attend the court proceedings. In light of the lack of cooperation, the plaintiffs requested a summary judgement to streamline the legal process and save the court’s resources.

The Court’s Decision

The Delhi High Court, in its comprehensive judgement, thoroughly examined the evidence and legal precedents.  Relying on the landmark case of Kaviraj Pandit Durga Dutt Sharma v. Navaratna Pharmaceutical Laboratories, the court emphasized that when the similarity between marks is evident, no further evidence is required to establish infringement.

The court examined the potential for confusion arising from Dominick Pizza’s utilisation of trademarks such as “CHEESE BURST” and “PASTA ITALIANO.”  Although there are some slight differences, the general impression of these marks is remarkably similar to the trademarks of Domino’s. This could potentially confuse consumers and pose a real risk. The court found that the defendants deliberately chose the mark “DOMINICK,” which clearly demonstrated bad faith to free ride on the already established Dominos. This historical reference was seen as a smart move to link the infringing entity with the well-known and respected Domino’s brand, which helps to make the case against Dominick Pizza even stronger.

The court has issued a permanent injunction against Dominick Pizza, prohibiting them from using the infringing marks in a range of activities such as advertising, selling, marketing, and any use in packaging, menu cards, and advertising materials.   This extensive injunction was designed to safeguard the interests of Domino’s and avoid any additional confusion among consumers. 

The court has issued a directive, instructing Dominick Pizza to withdraw its trademark application for the disputed marks.   If there is non-compliance, the Registry of Trademarks will treat the application as withdrawn and take appropriate action. This shows the court’s dedication to preventing any future attempts to register infringing marks. 

The court has ruled that Dominick Pizza must pay the significant litigation costs of ₹6,57,564.20, emphasising the seriousness of the infringement.   This cost award was given to compensate the plaintiffs and discourage others from committing trademark infringement by showing them the financial consequences.


The Dominos IP Holder LLC & Anr. v. Dominick Pizza & Anr. The case is a significant milestone in Indian trademark law.   In addition to the legal complexities, this case demonstrates the tangible impact of trademark infringement. It highlights how market forces, consumer opinions, and the proactive safeguarding of intellectual property all play a role in determining the outcome of legal disputes.   This analysis emphasises the importance of protecting popular brands, not just for the companies involved, but for the overall principles of brand integrity and consumer trust in the competitive business world.

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